DAWN Ontario: DisAbled Women's Network Ontario

Poverty in Canada
and the
National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) Claw Back


Poverty in Canada

low-income cutoff (LICO) is still the most used "poverty" indicator.

As a measurement, it is based on the concept that people in poverty live in compromised circumstances (defined as spending a disproportionate amount of their total gross income on food, clothing, and shelter).

Household expenditure surveys conducted by Statistics Canada show that the average family spends 35 per cent of its gross income on food, clothing, and shelter.

A family is considered to be in difficult circumstances if it spends 55 per cent of its income on those three items.

Source: Mapleleafweb.com



Which Provinces & Territories
claw back
& which do not

Provinces & territories with clawbacks (funds diverted into other programs):

  • Prince Edward Island
  • Ontario
  • Saskatchewan
  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Yukon
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut

Provinces & territories with no clawbacks:

  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Nova Scotia
  • Manitoba

Quebec is the only province that doesn't participate in the National Child Benefit Supplement.

Source: National Council on Welfare




The Present & Future of Child Poverty

  • A 2002 NCB report showed that child poverty was declining in Canada, from a high of 15.8 per cent in 1996 to 11.4 per cent in 2000. Now, for the first time in five years, child poverty is on the rise again.

  • Some 55,000 children who had been living in poverty before the NCB supplement was introduced were no longer in a low-income situation by 2000.

  • By the year 2007-08, the federal government will spend $10 billion to support low-income families with children through the Canada Child Tax Benefit and the NCB Supplement.

  • Benefit levels for a family of four (with two children) should rise from the current maximum of $4,680 to a projected $6,260 by 2007-08.

Sources: The 2002 National Child Benefit Progress Report & Campaign 2000


Clawbacks cause child poverty, families charge
by Lindsey Coad
Producer: Jaimie Banks



Poverty by province
Find out which of Canada's provinces & territories
are most affected by poverty, and which are least affected

requires FlashPlayer download FlashPlayer here


Relevant Links

National Child Benefit

Campaign 2000 report cards

National Child Benefit Supplement - backgrounder

An Ontario Child Benefit?

Child Benefits in Ontario - Q & A's

Charter Challenge of the National Child Benefit Supplement

Legal Challenge to the NCBS Clawback from
families on social assistance


Higher Child Benefits Needed To Counter Persistent Poverty

Social Safety News - the OSSN Newsletter
Issue 28 May 2004

Legal Challenge to the NCBS clawback

National Anti-Poverty Organization (NAPO) Statement on Budget 2005

Presentation to Judy Marsales, MPP & staff of Ted McMeekin MPP
at the Meeting of the Campaign for Adequate Welfare & Disability Benefits

Presented by Mike Hogeterp and Darlene Burkett

Why the poor are getting poorer
Op/Ed in Toronto Star, by Jacquie Chic & John Fraser, ISAC

Joanne Bury's Speech to CAW workers at Port Elgin

Provincial Party Leaders Respond to Letter
from Ontario’s Religious Leaders


Canadian Social Research Links

Women & Housing in Canada: Barriers to Equality
Report by CERA - Centre for Equality Rights in Accommodation
Women’s Housing Program


Challenging Homelessness and Poverty as
Human Rights Violations



Sign a Petition to End the Clawback of the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS)

Background Information
NCBS Backgrounder
The Welfare Wall -- Hiding the Truth about Poverty
Charter Challenge of the National Child Benefit Supplement
Legal Challenge to the NCBS Clawback from Families on Social Assistance



Add your voice to Make Poverty History

You can help put an end to global poverty. The time to act is now.
Add your voice to Make Poverty History.
Yes I want to Make Poverty History
Make Poverty History Platform

Sign On to Make Poverty History


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Page last updated April 16, 2006