For copies of
this report, please contact:
DAWN Ontario wishes
to acknowledge the many individuals who contributed to this study. First,
special recognition and thanks go to all of the people who took time
to participate in this research. We would like to thank all of the providers
of service in Northern Ontario Women's centres, Women's shelters, and
sexual assault crisis centre's who took time to fill out the questionnaire.
We are indebted
to the members of the Steering Committee; Meena Singh, Claire Cressy-Forsythe,
Si Transken, and Deborah Ullman, for sharing their experiences, knowledge,
insight and expertise with us. We also with to thank Tracy Odell, for
reviewing drafts of the report, and offering timely advice. As well,
we would like to thank Kristin Punkari, for taking the time to do research
and transcibe the material in print.
Finally, we would
like to acknowledge Nancy Recollet of the Ministry of Citizenship, Culture
and Recreation, for her patience, understanding and belief in what we
are trying to accomplish with this document.
This project, funded
by the Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Communication, was ultimately
an interactive needs assessment used to determine what information is
available for consumers of service, service providers and family members
in respect to understanding or assisting Women with disAbilities having
to deal with a variety of circumstances such as abuse, violence, neglect,
or access to services which are appropriate.
available resources was gathered from the providers of service and an
extensive library search inquiry. The information was collated into
an annotated bibliography to be distributed to those who where involved
in the assessment.
The material is
available on Tracey Odell's DAWN Ontario website page at: http://www3.sympatico.ca/odell/dawnpage.htm
this address will soon be changing).
The project was
conducted in four stages:
1) Development of
a steering committee to initially develop the needs assessment, and
to offer expertise regarding the specific focus. The Steering Committee
consisted of Meena Singh(Sexual Assault Crisis Counsellor), Claire Cressy-Forsythe
(Executive Director- YWCA), Si Transken (PhD candidate-Women's Studies,
private consultant) and Deborah Ullman (Chair-DAWN Ontario).
of Needs Assessment (see Appendix1) and information gathering from library
3) Collation of
information obtained and preparation in written format.
of information to all who participated in the study. This information
includes the annotated bibliography of available resources and a list
of resources that are not currently available or difficult to attain.
This information also suggests areas for possible investigation in further
NEEDS ASSESSMENT RESPONSES
The following is
a brief summary of the information gathered via the questionnaire sent
out to 50 Northern Ontario agencies, which deal with Womens issues
and/or disability related issues. It was of interest to note that 7
of the questionnaires came back as returned mail because the organizations
were no longer in existence (most due to funding cutbacks). As such,
our response total was significantly less.
Out of the 43 agencies
who were asked to respond to the questionnaire, 20 responded. This was
a 46.5% return rate. Considering that mailback questionnaires usually
receive a low response, we were pleased to see as many returned back
Of the 20 respondents,
35% (7) had information specifically related to Women with disAbilities
and violence. Resources available included information from DAWN Ontario
and some journal articles relevant for professionals in understanding
the dual marginalization of Women with disAbilities who have been victims
of violence. (See appendix).
In respect to any
written publications regarding Women with disAbilities and violence
0% of the respondents had published any material. One of the respondents
mentioned that essays had been written, however, no information regarding
the specific subject nature was offered.
asked if they had an ISSN number for any documentation they had produced.
Not one of the respondents had one. However all but one respondent was
interested in information about how to obtain this information. Of interest
to note, is that many of these respondents publish their own newsletter.
This information would be of benefit to numerous people if they could
gain access to the information they send out to their membership or
When asked if organizations
were accessible to Women with disAbilities, there were some encouraging
responses. 65% of the organizations were accessible. 7% were in the
process of becoming accessible with 1997. 28% were not accessible, and
did not offer information regarding the possibility of their organization
becoming accessible. Question 7 asked if the organizations staff
were trained to work with Women with disAbilities. 55% of the respondents
stated that their staff were trained to work with Women with disAbilities.
30% stated that
their staff were not trained to assist Women with disAbilities. 15%
of the respondents demonstrated some capacity to assist Women with disAbilities,
i.e. American Sign Language, mental health issues. One respondent made
mention of a counsellor in their organization being disabled, and as
such being sensitive to the needs of Women with disAbilities.
In respect to having
anyone on staff specializing their practice in assisting Women with
disabilities 10% (2 respondents) stated that there was a staff member
whos main focus was assisting Women with disAbilities and violence
issues. One respondent stated considerable experience as a feminist
counsellor, and was in process of receiving a Doctorate in the area
of feminist counselling and abuse.
It is without suprise,
that of all the respondents, two offered their services as an as
needed resource for others who may find themselves in need of
more information when offering assistance to Women with disAbilities
who have been victims of violence. (See Appendix)
from alternate communication devices (TTY), sign language, ethnocultural
issues facing Women of colour and violence, ritual abuse, harassment/abuse
in the workforce, and elder abuse.
As we did not receive
the response rate we were hoping to attain, a separate resource directory
will not be available from this particular research. There is however,
a list of some of the centres who offered services as resources for
numerous Womens issues at the back of this report.
for this project utilized numerous resources to obtain material specific
to Women with disAbilities and violence. Information was obtained via
library searches, internet searches, word of mouth, inhouse resources
and via information obtained in the questionnaire sent out to Northern
This document lists
60 resources obtained, specific to Women with disAbilities and violence.
Violence for the purpose of this report includes the following: physical
abuse, emotional abuse, institutional abuse, sexual assault, ritual
abuse and violent offences occuring with ethnocultural Women.
Although there were
numerous journal articles regarding the topic, many of them would be
of little use to the affected Women or their families, as the language
was geared to professionals working in the field i.e. psychologists,
social workers, medical doctors, legal professionals. As most professionals
have the capacity to obtain this material via their own search inquiries,
we have left out most of the journal references. We have, however, listed
the numerous journals located in our search at the back of this report
for reference purposes.
focused on publications in book format, presentation kits, and pamphlets
available to the general public, Women and girls with disAbilities and
their families. This information would be of use to service agencies
assisting female victims of violence, who have disabilities.
Initially, a literature
search regarding Women and violence was quite general. It was conducted
for the purpose of obtaining information which may not have been listed
in a more specific subcategory. There were literally thousands of articles
(journal & newspaper) and/or books on the topic.
Given the extensive
information available however, we were surprised to see only a small
amount specific to Women with disAbilities and violence.
There were numerous
resources in respect to information about Women with mental health concerns,
however, not in an assistive manner to the woman in need. There was
also some information about Women of colour, using a feminist perspective,
however, once again, of little use to the person experiencing the violent
of this bibliography selected 60 resources which may be of benefit to
all concerned in the scope of this project. We hope the information
provided in this report will be useful or providers of service, clients
of this project was to include the questions determined by the Steering
Committee. It was hoped to have a feedback loop in place, after an initial
test run of the questionnaire. Unfortunately, time did not allow for
this to happen, however, some recommendations have been made for further
More specific questions
to ask the service providers, i.e. What types of disabilities
has your organization worked with?, What percentage of your clients
are Women with disAbilities?, Is your organization using
the internet?, Who do you consult with when you need information
regarding assisting Women with disAbilities?...
It has been recommended
that personal interviews with the different service providers be set
up to obtain a better response rate. As well, it would offer the researchers
time to go through the different resource libraries at the organizations
to find out what relevant information is available. Factors to take
into consideration would be the length of time to complete the project
and the financing of paid staff to do so. This project was conducted
As we did not receive
the response we were hoping to obtain from the questionnaire, a separate
resource directory will not be available at this time. It is hoped that
further research in this area can be conducted in the future to offer
this most valuable tool. Some of the respondents are listed at the back
of this document for reference purposes.
Due to the numerous
findings in professional journals regarding Women with disAbilities
and violence, we have posted a number of journals for reference purposes
in the appendix, which will certainly be of use for people working in
the field of violence/disability/and Women.
& Hinsburger, D. (1993). Sexual abuse. East York, ON: SIECCAN
(Sex Information & Education Council of Canada). This is the 15th
book in a 17 part series on sexuality education for young adults and
adults with developmental disabilities. The book discusses sexual abuse,
using illustrations, Blissymbolics, and script. It defines what is considered
sexual abuse, and what a persons emotional response is like. It
offers valuable information regarding what to do if it has happened;
the need to tell someone, medical exams, and the legal process. Key
words and Blissymbolics are included.
and Stimpson, Liz. (1991) Courage above all: Sexual assault against
Women with disAbilities. DisAbled Women' Network. Toronto, ON. This
book examines disabled Women in Ontario who have been sexually assaulted
and how they deal with the police, the legal system and community service
organizations. Recommendations are included for institutions, the government
and for individuals.
& Fine, M. Eds. (1988). Introduction: Beyond pedestals. Women with
disabilities: Essays in psychology, culture, and politics. Philadelphia:
Temple University Press. This introduction speaks to a number of issues
facing Women with disAbilities. It discusses issues of sexuality (including
physical abuse of girls and Women with disAbilities), sterilization,
parenting, violence and isolation.
that a type of enforced dependency makes reporting near unheard of and
forces some Women to stay in abusive relationships rather than to face
possibly more serious alternatives. It speaks to caregivers most frequently
being the abusers. However there is frequent abuse in institutional
and community settings.
for Residential Care, National Association for the Protection from Sexual
Abuse of Adults and Children with Learning Disabilities. (1993).
It could never happen here! The prevention and treatment of
sexual abuse of adults with learning disabilities in residential settings.
Chesterfield & Nottingham, England: This book includes a discussion
of legal issues, guidelines for interagency cooperation, strategies
to reduce risk, staff and training concerns, administrative responsibilities,
support for victims and others who may be affected.
N.J., & Waxman, B. F., (1985). Rape treatment recommendations for
disabed people. Culver, CA. This book looks at numerous factors
associated with the rape treatmetn of people with disabilites: the risk
factors, perceptions of people with disAbilities about service providers,
and terminology. It looks at medical examinations, legal problems, and
access to community services for all groups of disabilities. This book
also explores the myths regarding sexual assault and people with disAbilities.
J. (1994). Can justice be done? In S. Hollins (Ed.), Proceedings: It
did happen here: Sexual abuse and learning disability: Recognition and
action. London: St. Georges Hospital Medical School, Division
of The Psychiatry of Disability.
offers the perspective of a mother who became very involved in the successful
prosecution of a man who sexually abused her daughter with mental retardation.
The mother went on to form VOICE, an organization of parents and some
profesionals that work to prevent sexual abuse and supports victims
with mental retardation and their families.
(1991). Women and disability. London: Zed Books. This book was originally
presented in a kit for the 1981 International Year of Disabled Persons.
It was also prepared by the United Nations as part of a Women and World
It has contributions
from Women with disAbilities, professionals, nongovernment organizations,
and United Nations orgainzations. They cover information concerning
challenges faced by Women with disAbilities throughout the world, both
in terms of survival and community belongingness. Topics cover: stigma,
double discrimination, human rights of Women with disAbilities and violation
of these rights. It also looks at issues of prevention, rehabilitation,
education, employment, caregiving, aging, and taking control of ones
life. This resource also offersguidelines and lists of useful organizations,
readings, and audio visual resources for improving the lives of Women
M. R., Hart, S. N., & Hardy, D. B. (1991). Psychological and
emotional abuse of children. In R.T. Ammerman & M. Hersen (Eds.),
Case studies in family violence. New York: Plenum. This chapter uses
a case example of a dysfunctional family in order to define some of
the problems encountered in the psychological and emotional abuse of
children.It examines the assessment of family, family characteristics,
and psychological maltreatment within family settings. Also discussed
are medical, legal, social, and family issues. Treatment options are
D. G., & Knight, S. E., (Eds.). (1981). Sexuality and physical disability:
Personal perspectives. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby. This is a collection
of articles which address many aspects of sexuality and physical disability.
Many of the contributors have disabilities, share personal and professional
insights on the following topics: specific disabilities and medical
conditions, individual and family concerns, education, therapy and counselling,
and specific issues for Women. The book includes an article outlining
the work of the Seattle Rape Relief Developmental Disabilities Project,
which addresses the issue of sexual abuse of people with disAbilities
and offers prevention alternatives through an education and training
program. The training program emphasizes counteracting vulnerabilitiy
with realistic self-protection skill training in order to reduce the
risk and devastating effects of sexual abuse.
W., Luckasson, R., & Bouthilet, G. N. (Eds.). (1992). The criminal
justice system and mental retardation:.Defendants and victims. Baltimore:
Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. This book offers important perspetives
on the participation of people with mental retardation in the criminal
justice system. Although most of the book deals with issues primarily
related to people with disabilites who have been accused of crimes,
chapter 11 offers a more specific discussion of people with disAbilities
who have been victims.
(Ed.) (1993). Practice issue in sexuality and learning disabilities.
London: Routledge. This book looks at a wide range of issues and practices
related to sexuality and developmental disabilities. The majority of
the book looks at sexual health and education issues. There are however,
three chapters relevant to sexual abuse: Sexual abuse of individuals
with intellectual disability, Between ourselves: Experiences
of a Womens group on sexuality and sexual abuse, and Working
with sexually abused individuals who have a learning disability.
A. (1987). Disabled Women's Issues- A Coalition of Provincial Organizations
of the Handicapped Discussion Paper. This handbook provides basic
information on issues concerning disabled Women and violence, including
incidence rates of violence and particularly of rape/sexual assault.
The story of a disabled Winnepeg woman who had been molested by a male
attendant is included. Statitistics quoted are from the DisAbled Women's
Women's Network. "Violence Fact Sheet: Violence against Women with
Disabilities" DAWN Toronto. Available from DAWN
Ontario. This fact sheet reviews statistics on violence against
disabled Women and non-disabled Women. It describes who commits these
acts, where it could happen and the results of a violent attack.
J. (1988). Disabled Women and Violence. In A. DAubin (Ed.), Breaking
the silence. Edmonton, AB: Coalition of Provincial Organizaations
of the Handicapped (COPOH. Joanne Doucette, a Canadian authority on
Women with disAbilities and violence, is a long time member of DisAbled
Womens Network) DAWN.
interview speaks to her research conducted, in which she found that
67% of Women with disAbilities interviewed had been abused as children.
This statistic showed that the occurrence was twice as likely as Women
without disabilities. Doucette demonstrates violence prevention and
intervention services are high priorities for Women with disAbilities.
Also identified are the high need for services for Women with communication
or developmental disabilities, who are especially vulnerable to to abuse.
Isolation and institutionalization are seen as the major factors in
the abuse experienced by Women with disAbilities.
J.,(1986). Violent Acts Against Disabled Women. ibid This report
documents the final results of a survey done in the fall of 1986 to
determine the incidence of violent assault against Women with disAbilities.
The survey consisted of disabled and non disabled Women participants.
The findings revealed significantly high statistics regarding incidence
and types of abuse.
J., (1988). Sexual assault & the disabed woman: Disabled? Sexually
assaulted? Need help? Toronto: DAWN (DisAbled Womens Network)
Canada. This booklet offers to-the-point information for Women with
disabilities who have been sexually assaulted. It informs the reader
about what to do and how to repo a sexual assault. The booklet includes
telephone numbers of police, medical, and counselling services along
with information on accessibility relevant to individuals with various
J., P., & Elkins, T. E. (1988). Just Between Us. Portland, OR:
Ednick Communications. This book is of assistance to parents and professionals
regarding issues of sexuality of children, adolescents, or young adults
with developmetnal disabilities. It uses clear language and provides
useful information as well as discussion about ethical issues one may
need to consider. Issues regarding touch (appropriate and inappropriate)
relationships, exploitation and reporting are also covered.
D., & Fitz-Gerald, M. (1986). Information on sexuality for young
people and their families. Washington, DC: Gallaudet College, Pre-College
Programs. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 294 407). This
book is written for young persons with hearing impairments or difficulty
with reading and language skills. It is easy to follow and speaks to
issues of sexually transmitted diseases, abortion, sexual abuse and
assault, and building relationships. It includes a glossary of terms;
alist of books for parents, pre-teens, and children.
Irene. (1996)St.Joseph's Health Centre: Woman Abuse Protocol. St.Joseph's
Women's Health Centre, Toronto. This protocol is a guide to providing
screening, assessment and intervention strategies. It is committed to
breaking the cycle of violence against Women.
C. & Longo, R.E. (1981). "Sexual Assault of handicapped individuals".
Journal of Rehabilitation. 47 (3), p. 24-27. Disabled individuals
were found to be more vulnerable to being the victims of sexual assault.
This journal is an excellent resource for those professionals who work
with disabled individuals.
D. P.. (1987). Annotated bibliography of sexuality and communication
disorders. ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) 29(12),
33-34. This bibliography provides 28 annotated references on the subject
of sexuality and communication disorders. It includes references about
people with disAbilities and sexuality, sex education, and psychosexual
(1993) Can disability be beautiful? In M. Nagler (Ed.), Perspectives
on Disability. Palo Alto, CA: Health Markets Research. This chapter
draws a comparison of the social history of disability with the social
history of other minorities. It is suggested that stigma will only be
improved when positive aspects of disability are recognized and emphasized.
Payne, T., & Simpson, J. (1986). Legal rights & intellectual
disability: A short guide. Redfern, Australia: Redfern Legal Centre.
Protection of civil rights of people with disAbilities, and taking action
against any wrongs are discussed in this book. It examines: protecting
rights, discrimination, personal relationships, sheltered workshops,
housing, guardianship and money management, crime and people with intellectual
disabilities, consumer protection, and caregivers in New South Wales,
(1990). Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of People with Disabilities: A
Study of the Victims. National Clearinghouse on Family Violence,
Ottawa. The purpose of this study is to provide additional information
on the nature and extent of risk for abuse among people with disAbilities
and to determine if current prevention and treatment services meet their
Dave. (1995). Just Say Know! Understanding and Reducing the Risk of
Sexual Victimization of People with Developmental Disabilities.
Diverse City Press, Eastman Quebec. This book addresses the issue of
sexual abuse with the disabled and it describes how the equip individuals
with the tools they need to protect themselves from abuse.
D. (1990). I contact: Sexuality and people with developmental disabilities.
Mountville, PA: VIDA. This book offers the personal perspective of a
sexuality counsellor who works with people with disAbilities. Many anecdotes
and parallels are utilized to demonstrate how counsellors have to change
perspective on how they assist persons with disAbilities, in order to
D. (1993) I openers: Parents ask questions about sexuality and children
with developmental disabilities. Vancouver, BC: Family Support Institute.
Numerous questions posed by parents regarding their children with disAbilities
and sexuality are explored. Issues of abuse and exploitation are examined.
The book encourages healthy attitudes about sexuality which tend to
Intellectually handicapped victims of abuse: Doubly victimized? Autism
Society of Canada, 7(4), pp1-3. 1989. This article discusses the
case of a mentally handicapped woman who was sexually assaulted and
was not allowed to testify in court on her own behalf.
(1989). Label me human: Minority rights of stigmatized Canadians.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press. This book discusses the human
rights for people with disAbilities, gays and lesbians and alcoholics.
It looks at the formation of stigman and the attachment and removal
of stigmas. Some strategies are offered to ensure greater recognition
and protection for stigmatized minority groups.
(1992). The connections between disability and child abuse: A review
of the research evidence. Child Abuse Review, 1, 157-167. This article
examines the association between child abuse and disability. It notes
that disability can be an outcome of abuse. It also makes the link between
disability and potential vulnerability to abuse. Recommendations for
further research into the pehenomenon is suggested.
(1988). 22 million for transition houses-But can we use them. Thriving,
1(1), 1. DAWN Canada (DisAbled Womens Network). This article points
out that although governmental efforts are undrway to create more (and
accessible) shelters for battered Women, there ironically is no requirement
that these shelters be accessible to Women with disAbilities.
& Riddington, J. (1990). Meeting our needs. Vancouver, BC: DAWN
(DisAbled Womens Network) Canada. This book offers information
regarding background information about sexual, physical, and emotional
abuse of Women with disAbilities; how many Canadian shelters are accessible;
and guidelines for improving the accessibility of transition houses.
This literature offers comprehensive information to service providers
Sundem, J. & Ryerson, E. (1981). "Development of a curriculum
on sexual exploitation and self-protection for handicapped students."
Education Unlimited. p. 26-31 An article concerning sexual exploitation
of persons with disAbilities gives statistics on abuse against this
group. A curriculum was developed to increase disabled students' awareness
of sexual abuse and to teach them self-protective skills.
C. (1990). Responding to the Abuse of People with Disabilities. Advocacy
Research Centre for the Handicapped, Toronto. This manual provides
ideas, suggestions and information for people dealing with disabled
people who have suffered abuse.
Cathy. (1991). Abuse: How the Law Fails People with Disabilities. Advocacy
Resource Centre for the Handicapped (ARCH), Toronto. Identifies
some of the gaps which contribute to the vulnerability of people with
disabilities. The issues are for consultation purposes only and encourage
feedback which looks to reasonably accomodate people with disAbilities
while at the same time advance laws which will not undermine the freedoms
of disabled people or their sexuality.
C. (1991). Violence Against Women with Disabilities: Out of Sight, Out
of Mind. Canadian Women Studies 11(4), pp49-50. This article studies
Women with disAbilities who have been abused and the concerns they have.
It also deals with accessibility issues.
Cathy. (1990). Responding to the Abuse of People with Disabilities.
Advocacy Resource Centre, Toronto. This guide outlines "disabled"
and "abuse", reporting abuse, assisting the victim and working
to end abuse.
R. (1987). Abuse and neglect of handicapped children. San Diego:
College-Hill Press. Children with disAbilities are victimes of
abuse at least as often as other children, some children acquire disabling
conditions as a result of abuse, premature infants are abused and neglected
significantly more thn others, infoants with birth defects are more
likely to be victims of gross life- threatening neglect, and alcohol
is noted as a factor in child sexual abuse and other forms of abuse.
Societal attitudes, the question of cause and effect between disabilities
and abuse, parental characteristics and professionals are examined.
(1982). A curriculum guide: Social and self- protection skills for the
severely handicapped. Washington, DC: Molly Roeseler Anderson. A
guide for assisting nonverbal students about self-protection issues
in order to prevent abuse. This guide can be used in conjunction with
other written or audiovisual materials or alone.
C.J. (1990). Violence and Sexual Assault Plague Many Disabled Women.
New Directions for Women, vol. 17. This article studies findings
on the rates of abuse against disabled Women compared to non-disabled
and that organizations are not providing adequate or equal services
to these Women who have suffered abuse. Suggestions are offerred to
provide better services for disabled Women who have been abused.
Directorate. (1993). Violence Against Women with Disabilities: A Service
Needs Assessment. Toronto. This study provides an overview of the
service needs of Women with disAbilities in Ontario who experienced
violence in community settings.
and Shaman, Ellen. (1981). Providing Counselling and Advocacy for Disabled
Persons who Have Been Sexually Abused: A Training Manuel for Staff and
Volunteers. Seattle, Seattle Rape Relief. This manual offers information
to disabled people about sexual assault and to crisis counsellors to
help them in assisitng disabled Women who have been assaulted.
Roeseler, M., Ryerson, E. & Shaman, E.J. (1983). Teacher training
manual: Sexual Abuse of Persons with Disabilities - Techniques for Planning
and Implementing a Self-Protection Program. Seattle: Disabilities
Project - Seattle rape relief. An information manuel providing basic
information concerning how to inform school administration their support
to develop a program against sexual exploitation.
Susanne and Stinchombe, Tere. (1993). Are you a woman? Disabled? Being
hurt? Want help? Look inside. Toronto. This booklet provides resources
to emergency numbers, legal and self-help, health and the numbers of
Women's centres and other organizations.
J. (1989, March). Beating the Odds: Violence and Women with
disabilities (Position paper). Vancouver, BC: DAWN (DisABled Womens
Network) Canada. This report is based on a survey of 245 Women with
disabilities. The report offers statistical evidence of Women with disAbilities
who have experienced some form of abuse (physical, sexual, emotional,
institutional...); whom they reported to, why they did or did not report.
The most common reasons for not reporting included: fear and dependency.
This report also includes much more information on the DAWN Canada study
and several others.
No more victims: Addressing the sexual abuse of people with a mental
handicap. Roeher Institute, Toronto. An essential resource for groups
concerned with the sexual abuse of people with an intellectual disability.
The manuals explore foactors that put people with an intellectual disability
at risk of sexual abuse, how sexual abuse can be detected, appropriate
responses and preventative measures. Each manual includes a two-day
(1993). Answering the call: The police response to family and care-giver
violence against people with disAbilities. Roeher Institute, Toronto.
A study of the policing process around violent victimization of people
with disAbilities, exploring awareness and knowledge in the police community
and the challenges peolple face in reporting to police.
(1995). Violence and people with disAbilities: A review of the literature.
Roeher Institute, Toronto. A major new resource in redefining violence
and abuse committed against persons with disAbilities. An analysis of
the literature on violence in society, specifically examining literature
on how people with disAbilities experience violence. Uncovers specific
characteristics of violence little understood by society in general
and the response systems in particular.
(1996). Safety kit: For people with disAbilities who feel unsafe and
who want to do something about it. Roeher Institute, Toronto. This
book is a tool to help people look around where they live, work, study
and play, and help to see what is unsafe. It helps to see what changes
are needed so that people are less likely to be hurt or abused. This
book was written to help people with disAbilities see what changes could
make them safer. It includes questions to help think about safety, and
suggestions for ways to go about making changes to make people safer.
(1988). Vulnerable: Sexual abuse and people with an intellectual handicap.
Roeher Institute, Toronto. Examines the prevalence of child sexual
abuse and the risk factors for children with intellectual disabilities,
as well as identification, effects and treatment of sexual abuse.
(1995). Harms way: The many faces of violence and abuse against persons
with disAbilities in Canada. Roeher Institute, Toronto. Examines
the forms of violence and abuse experienced by people with disAbilities,
the extent of the problem,n factors creating vulnerability and factors
affecting response by the community and legal system. Explores how people
with disAbilities define what is violent and abusive.
(1986). Assault in special needs populations". SIECCAN, vol.1,
No. 1, Spring-Summer Defines sexual assault prevention as a health and
safety issue. The author looks at the vulnerability to sexual assault
of people with special needs. She also looks at the offender, components
of prevention, and caregiver response.
& Howe, F. (Eds.) (1987). With wings: An anthology of literature
by and about Women with disAbilities. New York: Feminist Press.
Thirty essays, stories and poems by Women writers attempt to challenge
the stereotypes and discrimination of Women with disAbilities. It offers
a diverse range of experience which opens the doors to examining the
historical silencing of their experience.
and C. Varnhagen. (1988). Sexual abuse and exploitation of people with
disabilities, Final Report. University ot Alberta: Developmental Diabilities
Centre. Suggests emphasis be placed on determination of parameters
for appropriate prevention and victim's services. This suggestion is
of particular importance in light of the studies which indicate that
many agerncies serving victims of sexual abuse exclude some victims
because of their disabilites and have difficulty serving other victims
K. and Virginia W. Stuart. (1981). Sexual assault: Disabled perspective,
in Sexuality and Disability, vol 4, no. 4. Human Sciences Press.
This article discusses sexual assault against disabled persons: rape,
defense against assault, recovery from assault, and suggestions for
assisting a disabled sexual assault victim.
Institute. (1991). The right to control what happens to your body: A
straightforward guide to issues of sexuality and sexual abuse. Know
your rights, seek true justice, gain real power. North York, ON.
This book is written for the self advocatng disabled on the issues of
sexuality and sexual abuse. It discusses a persons rights over
thier body and supplies information concerning procedural guidelines
for dealing with sexual abuse.
Institute. (1991). Research by/for/with Women with disAbilities.
Toronto. This book discusses prospective Canadian research that focuses
on Women with disAbilities. It is written for those doing research in
the fields of Womens studies and disability. It provides a general
outline concerning research methods dealing with Women with disAbilities.
Clearinghouse on Family Violence. (1993). Family violence and people
with a mental handicap. Health Canada, Ottawa. This booklet reviews
what it means to have a mental handicap, facts about mental handicap,
why they are more at risk of abuse and offers suggestions of where to
go for help.
Clearinghouse on Family Violence. (1994) Sexual abuse and exploitation
of people with disAbilities: A study of the victims. Health Canada,
Ottawa. This study examines the risk factors of disabled people and
abuse, it also studies the victims and offers suggestions and recommendations.
Organization of Ontario with Self-Help Tactics (BOOST). (?) Sexual assault-
it happens to blind Women too. This pamphlet discusses the occurrence
of blind Women being assaulted just as a non-disabled woman could be
a victim. It discusses how to deal with the situation and how to avoid
such a situation.
NEEDS ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE:
1. Does your organization
have materials specific to Women with disAbilities and violence?
If yes, please
provide a brief description of the resources on the attached page.
2. Has anyone in
your organization published any materials specific to Women with disAbilities
3. Has anyone in
your organization produced any materials that have not been published?
4. Does your organization
have an ISSN number for publications?
5. Does your organization
need information on how to register with the National Library to obtain
an ISSN number?
6. Is your building
accessible to Women with disAbilities?
7. Are your staff
trained to work with Women with disAbilities?
8. Does anyone in
your organization specialize their clinical practice with Women with
9. If yes, would
they be willing to offer services to assist other counsellors as an
"as needed resource"?
10. What areas are
they experienced in? i.e. Alternate communication devices, ethno-racial
issues, ritual abuse, institutional abuse... Please use the separate
Please provide information
regarding materials specific to Women with disAbilities and violence.
Is the material available in alternate formats i.e. diskette, audio
tape, video tape, braille, blissymbolics...? If you already have an
annotated bibliography of your available resources, that would be sufficient.
materials specific to Women with disAbilities which have been published.
materials which have not been published.
materials on Women with disAbilities which have not been published.
for Resouce Directory:
Name and Title:
Contact Numbers: Address: e-mail:
Fee for consultation
service: Yes No
Area of specialization
STANDARD SERIAL NUMBERS
What is an ISSN?
Standard Serial Number is a unique code for identifying serial publications,
which can be used where ever information on serials needs to be recorded
is a publication issued in successive parts and intended to be continued
with now predetermined end. This definition includes periodicals, newspaters,
annuals(reports, yearbooks, directories etc.), journals, memoirs, proceedings,
transactions of societies, monographic series, and unnumbered series.
The definition does not include multivolume sets made up of a finite
number of parts, even if all parts are now issued simultaneously.
The ISSN should
be as basic to a serial as its title. The a dvantages of an ISSN are
1) An ISSN can identify
a title regardless of its language or country of origin. This is possible
because each serial is assigned a unique and non-transferable number
according to a standard scheme that has been internationally adopted.
2) An ISSN provides
an efficient and economical method of communication between publishers
3) An ISSN is used
in libraries for identifying titles, ordering and checking in serials,
and claiming missing issues.
4) An ISSN simplifies
interlibrary loan systems and union catalogue reporting and listing.
5) An ISSN, employed
as a standard numeric identification code, can be used in computers
for updating and linking files, and retreiving and transmitting data.
of an ISSN:
An ISSN consists
of eight digits, the first seven being a unique title unmber and the
eighth, a computer check digit. This check digit guards against the
computer accepting an incorrectly transcribed ISSN.
To avoid confusion
with other numbering systems, an ISSN is preceded by the letters ISSN,
eg. ISSN 0027-9633. The numbers serve only to identify a serial uniquely.
For each serial
assigned an ISSN, there is a corresponding key title. This key title
is a commonly acceptable form of title, established at the time of the
ISSN assignment. It is formulated by the responsible national centre,
according to standard ISSN rules, from information appearing on the
serial's title page or cover.
Because the ISSN
identifies only one title, the ISSN must change when the title changes.
When a title ceases to be published, the ISSN assignes to that serial's
title must never be reused. Canadian publishers are requested to notify
ISSN Canada of any pending title change, and to avoid printing an old
ISSN on a new title.
Location of an
The ISSN should
be printed prominently on all issues of a serial, at the top right hand
corner of the front cover if possible. It should always be preceded
by the letters ISSN. When an International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
is also applicable, usually for monographic series, the two numbers
should appear together, each preceded by its own prefix of letters.
The ISSN shoul be quoted on all descriptive and promotional literature
regarding the serial.
Serial Numbers in Canada: ISSN Canada began registering Canadian serials
in January 1974. All new serials received by the National Library of
Canada are automatically registered. To help us in assigning ISSN to
continuing publications and to new or changed serials, publishers are
requested to send details, including, if possible, photocopies or page
proofs of title page and cover, to ISSN Canada.
serials registered throughout the ISSN network is published in the quarterly
ISSN Register, available by subscription on microfiche or on CD-ROM
from the ISSN International Centre, 20, rue Bachaumont, 75002, Paris,
All other corresondence
and enquiries regarding ISSN should be addressed to:
ISSN Canada National
Library of Canada 395 Wellington Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N4
994-6895 Fax: (819) 953-0291 Internet: ISSNCAN@ABS.NLC-BNC.CA
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